Dropwizard Docker Example

Dropwizard Docker Example

Introduction

        I was looking online for a simple example/tutorial on how to dockerize my existing Dropwizard application which I have as a fat jar. Most of the tutorials have complicated examples/complex steps explained. Hence I have come up with this post to explain Docker and its usage in simple steps. 

        In this tutorial we will be dockerizing an existing Dropwizard fat jar, building it and running it.

Docker

        Docker provides a way to run applications securely isolated in a container, packaged with all its dependencies and libraries. Docker provides an additional layer of abstraction and automation of operating-system-level virtualization on Windows and Linux. Docker is a software containerization platform.

Advantages of using Docker

  1. Consistency across environments: An application and all its dependencies can be bundled into a single container. A Docker container is configured to maintain and all configurations and dependencies internally. As a result, the same container can be used from development to production ensuring consistency across environments.
  2. Portability: The same Docker container can be transferred to any machine that runs Docker and it runs there without any issues. It is highly portable.
  3. Version Control: Successive versions of a container can be tracked, differences between versions can be checked and roll-back can be done easily to previous versions.
  4. Isolation: Docker enables applications and resources to be isolated and segregated.
  5. Lightweight: Docker images are small and lightweight.
More details about Docker can be read from: Docker Website

Requirements to Run the Dropwizard Application on Docker:
  1. Dropwizard Application
  2. Docker
         I am assuming that you have a Basic Knowledge of Dropwizard and have a Basic Dropwizard Application running in your machine. If not, please check my blog post on Basic Dropwizard Application by going to the link: Dropwizard Tutorial. This application should be created on your machine before running it on Docker. It should run successfully using the command:
java -jar target\BasicDropwizard-1.0.0.jar src\main\resources\basicdropwizard.yml

Docker should be setup and running in your machine. To setup, run and test if Docker is working fine, please refer to my post on: Docker Setup.

Once the above setup is completed, the Dropwizard application can be run on Docker in a few simple steps.

Step 1: Create Dockerfile

Create a file named as Dockerfile to give instructions to Docker how to build the image. This file should be placed in the root of your project directory. Here is a basic Dockerfile that I have created for my Dropwizard application: 
FROM openjdk:8-jdk

COPY src/main/resources/basicdropwizard.yml /data/BasicDropwizard/basicdropwizard.yml  
COPY /target/BasicDropwizard-1.0.0.jar /data/BasicDropwizard/BasicDropwizard-1.0.0.jar

WORKDIR /data/BasicDropwizard

RUN java -version

CMD ["java","-jar","BasicDropwizard-1.0.0.jar","basicdropwizard.yml"]

EXPOSE 4000-4001
Here is a brief explanation for the Dockerfile commands:
FROM openjdk:8-jdk: I am using this as the base image.
COPY: This is used to copy artifacts from my project. This is based on your project structure.
WORKDIR: Set the working directory as a best practice.
RUN: To check Java version.
CMD: The command used to run the jar.
EXPOSE: To expose ports for the Dropwizard service.

Step 2: Docker Build

To start a Docker build, from the root of your project directory, run the following command:
docker build -t Any_Tag_Name_for_your_project .
Here is the command that I have used:
docker build -t dropwizard-basic .
Here is the sample output for this command:
$ docker build -t dropwizard-basic .
Sending build context to Docker daemon  15.47MB
Step 1/7 : FROM openjdk:8-jdk
 ---> 74c95c985a85
Step 2/7 : COPY src/main/resources/basicdropwizard.yml /data/BasicDropwizard/basicdropwizard.yml
 ---> Using cache
 ---> f5669098ad53
Step 3/7 : COPY /target/BasicDropwizard-1.0.0.jar /data/BasicDropwizard/BasicDropwizard-1.0.0.jar
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 44d19233c211
Step 4/7 : WORKDIR /data/BasicDropwizard
 ---> Using cache
 ---> b87827ad1167
Step 5/7 : RUN java -version
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 35c802117249
Step 6/7 : CMD ["java","-jar","BasicDropwizard-1.0.0.jar","basicdropwizard.yml"]
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 7d94133fe6aa
Step 7/7 : EXPOSE 4000-4001
 ---> Using cache
 ---> 401c41ef042a
Successfully built 401c41ef042a
Successfully tagged dropwizard-basic:latest
To check the image created, you can use the command:
docker images

Step 3: Docker Run

Here is the command to run the container:
docker run -p 4000:4000 dropwizard-basic
-p: This is used to specify the port. First port is the port to be exposed on the host machine. Second port is the the port of the Dropwizard service in the container.

To check the containers in your Docker, you can use the command:
docker ps -a

API calls in Dropwizard Application on Docker

Once the container is running, you can use the APIs as below to check if the Dropwizard application is up and running in a Docker container. My Docker uses the IP 192.168.99.100. This IP can be found from the first line in the terminal when Docker starts as per the image below:
API calls:
1. GET API for Ping:
http://192.168.99.100:4000/ping

2. POST API for Ping:
 http://192.168.99.100:4000/ping
    JSON Request Body:
  {
  "input": "ping"
  }

Some useful Docker Commands

To stop a container:

docker stop CONTAINER_ID
To check the containers in your Docker and to get CONTAINER ID, you can use the command:
docker ps -a
e.g.
docker stop a4ee737189f6

To remove dangling images:

docker rmi $(docker images -f dangling=true -q)

To remove all exited containers:

docker rm $(docker ps -a -f status=exited -q)

Docker Hub

Docker Hub is an online repository like GitHub for Docker images. Once you create your own Docker ID, you can host your docker images in it. Docker Hub also has the official images of the most used technologies that you can pull and use. Here is the link for Docker Hub.

Commands to push your image to Docker Hub: 

Login to Docker Hub using the command:
docker login --username=YOUR_USERNAME --password=YOUR_PASSWORD
Get your IMAGE ID using the command docker images:
docker images
REPOSITORY          TAG                 IMAGE ID            CREATED             SIZE
dropwizard-basic    latest              401c41ef042a        2 days ago          755MB
Tag your IMAGE ID:
docker tag 401c41ef042a ajtechdeveloper/dropwizard-basic
Push to Docker Hub:
docker push ajtechdeveloper/dropwizard-basic

Conclusion, Docker Hub Link and GitHub link: 

    This tutorial gives a comprehensive overview on running an existing Dropwizard application on Docker. It also gives an overview of  some of the most used Docker commands to get you up and running. The code for the Dropwizard application used in this post is available on GitHub. The docker image used in this post is available on Docker Hub.
    Learn the most popular and trending technologies like Machine Learning, Angular 5, Internet of Things (IoT), Akka HTTP, Play Framework, Dropwizard, Docker, Elastic Stack, Spring Boot and Flask in simple steps by reading my most popular blog posts at Software Developer Central.
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